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托福口语考试之常用名词词汇

2012-03-13 10:35           分享到:

      托福口语考试高频名词词汇:
  1.account
  I have an account with the bank。
  我在银行开有户头。
  He turned/put his knowledge of Spanish to good account。
  他善加利用他对西班牙语文的知识。
  Don’t stay away on account of John。
  为了约翰,不要离开。
  2.act
  Don’t take him seriously --- it’s just an act。
  不要把他看得太认真 ――― 他只是假装那样而已。
  In the act of (=while) picking up the ball, he slipped and fell。
  正当其拾球之际,他失足跌倒。
  3.addition
  They’ve just had an addition to the family。
  他们家里刚又增加一口。
  4.adjustment
  They do an adjustment on humance resources to achieve the goal。
  为了达到目标,他们调整了人员。
  5. advertisement
  Advertisement helps to sell goods。
  广告有助于销路。
  6. agreement
  I’m quite in agreement with what you say。
  我十分同意你所说的话。
  7. air
  My plans are still quite in the air。
  我的计划还未定案。
  Radio Beijing is on the air 24 hours a day。
  北京电台全天24小时广播。
  8. amount
  There is still quite an amount of prejudice against him。
  人们对他尚有很大的偏见。
  He has any amount of money。
  他的钱不可数计。
  9. amusement
  He looked at me in amusement。
  他很感兴趣地望着我。
  There are plenty of amusements here – cinemas, theatres, concerts, football matches, and so on。
  这里有许多娱乐 - 电影院、戏院、音乐会、足球比赛等。
  10. animal
  11. answer
  She gave no answer。
  她没有回答。
  12. apparatus
  Your digestive apparatus takes the food you eat and changes it so that it can be used to build up the body。
  你的消化器官把你所吃的食物消化、吸收,用以增进身体的健康。
  13. approval
  Your plans have my approval。
  你的计划我赞成。
  14. argument
  I have no wish to engage in (an) argument with you。
  我不想跟你辩论。
  15. art
  The story is developed with great art。
  那故事非常技巧地展开。
  16. attack
  Attack is said to be the best form of defence。
  常言道,攻击是最好的防御。
  17. attempt
  Her attempt at a Christmas cake had to be thrown away。
  她的圣诞蛋糕做得不好。
  18. attention
  Pay attention to what you’re doing。
  注意你在做的事。
  A pretty girl usually receives more attentions than a plain girl。
  一个漂亮女孩通常比一个普通女孩得到较多的殷勤。
  Attention!
  立正!
  19. attraction
  He cannot resist the attraction of a pretty girl。
  他无法抗拒漂亮女郎的吸引力。
  20. authority
  He is a great authority on phonetics。
  他是语音学方面的权威。
      21. back
  He slipped and fell on his back。
  他仰天滑到。
  22. balance
  Don’t get excited; keep your balance。
  不要冲动,保持冷静。
  23. base
  A naval base is located at Wei Hai。
  威海有个海军基地。
  24. behavior
  Tom won a prize for good behavior at school。
      汤姆在学校里得到品行优良奖。
  25. belief
  He has lost his belief in God。
  他已不相信上帝。
  26. birth
  That baby weighed seven pounds at birth。
  那婴儿生下来七磅重。
  27. bit
  He ate every bit of his dinner。
  他把他的晚餐吃得光光。
  She’s feeling a bit tired。
  她觉得有点疲倦。
  He doesn’t care a bit。
  他一点也不在乎。
  28. bite
  His face was covered with insect bites。
  他满脸都是蚊虫咬伤。
  I haven’t had a bite since morning。
  我从早晨到现在一口东西都未吃过。
  There’s a bite in the air this morning。
  今天早晨有点寒风刺骨。
  29. blood
  He gave his blood to help his sister。
  他输血给他的妹妹以救她。
  His blood is up。
  他发脾气了。
  His blood ran cold。
  他吓得魂不附体。
  30. blow
  Let’s go for a blow。
  让我们到户外吹吹风。
  31. body
  His body was brought back to England for burial。
  他的遗体被运回英国埋葬。
  She’s a nice old body。
  她是一个很好的老人。
  32. brass
  get down to brass tacks
  开门见山
  33. bread
  I’m only dong it for the bread。
  我纯粹是为了钱才做那件事。
  34. breath
  They are not be mentioned in the same breath。
  他们不可同日而语。
  There wasn’t a breath of air/wind。
  一丝微风都没有。
  35. brother
  He is my brother。
  他是我的兄弟。
  36. building
  buidling materials
  建筑材料
  building site
  建筑工地
  37. burn
  He died of the burns he received in the fire。
  他死于火灾时所受到的灼伤。
  38. burst
  a burst of applause
  一阵喝彩
  39. business
  He is in business of himself。
  他自行经商。
  That’s no business of yours。
  那事与你无关。
  I’m sick of the whole business。
  我对这事情实在感到厌烦。
  40. butter
  butter will not melt in sb’s mouth
  一本正经的样子
  peanut buttter
  花生酱
  41. canvas
  He is canvassing for the Conservative candidates。
  他正在替保守党候选人奔走拉票。
  42. care
  Take care (that) you don’t get run over when you cross the street。
  当你穿越街道时,小心不要被车子撞到。
  I will leave this in your care。
  我将此事交由你负责。
  He seems free from care。
  他显得无忧无虑。
  43. cause
  You have no cause for comlaint。
  你没有理由抱怨。
  44. chalk
  The girl like to collect chalks with various colors。
  女孩喜欢收集各色粉笔。
  45. chance
  Let’s leave it to chance。
  我们就让它听其自然。
  It’s the chance of a lifetime。
      这是一生中难得再遇到的机会。
  46. change
  Take a change of clothes with you。
  带一套换洗的衣服。
  I have no small change。
  我没有零钱。
  Let’s hope there will be a change in weather。
  但愿天气会变好。
  47. cloth
  a floor cloth
  擦地板布
  a dish cloth
  洗碗布
  48. coal
  A hot coal fell from the fire and burnt a hole in the carpet。
  火炉中调出来一块煤,把地毯烧了一个洞。
  carry coals to Newcastle
  多此一举
  49. color
  She has very little color。
  她面色苍白。
  50. comfort
  It’s a comfort to know that she is safe。
  知道她平安无事令人安慰。
  comfort station – (US) public lavatory
  (美) 公共厕所
  51. committee
  He sat on the committee when he was 45.
  他45岁时成为委员会委员。
  52. company
  I shall be glad of your company on the journey。
  我将很高兴与你同行。
  53. comparison
  This one costs more but is cheaper by/in comparison。
  这件东西价钱贵了点,但是比较起来还是便宜。
  54. competition
  At the Olympic Games our representatives were in competition with the best swimmers from all parts of the world。
  在奥运会上,我们的代表会与世界各地的最佳游泳选手角逐。
  55. condition
  The condition of my health prevents me from working。
  我的健康情况不容许我工作。
  56. connection
  What is the connection between the two ideas?
  这两个想法之间有何关联?
  He set up in business and soon had a good connection。
  他开业经商,很快就有了相当多的顾客。
  57. control
  The children are out of control。
  孩子们不听管教。
  58. cook
  He is a good cook。
  他是一个好厨师。
  59. copper
  1) 铜 2) 铜币 3) (俚语)警察
  60. copy
  If you can’t afford a new copy of the book, perhaps you can find a secondhand copy。
  如果你买不起新书,你或许可以找到一本旧的。
  61. cork
  to draw/pull out the cork
  拔开软木塞
  cork-screw
  瓶塞钻
  62. copy
  63. cough
  He gave me a warning cough。
  他以咳嗽警告我。
  64. country
  He decided to return to his country after graduation。
  毕业后他决定回国。
  He spent the holiday in the country。
  他在乡下度假。
  65. cover
  The child read the book from cover to cover。
  那孩子将书从头读到尾。
  Does your policy provide adequate cover against fire?
  你的保险单是否提供适当的火险?
  cover girl
  封面女郎
  66. crack
  Don’t go skating today – there are dangerous cracks in the ice。
  今天不要去滑冰,冰上有危险的裂缝。
  67. credit
  No credit is given at this shop。
  这家商店概不赊帐。
  How much have I standing to my credit?
  我的存款尚有多少?
  The bank refused further credits to the company。
  银行拒绝再贷款给该公司。
  68. crime
  It is the business of the police to prevent and detect crime and of the law courts to punish crime。
防止和侦破犯罪是警察的职责,而惩罚犯罪是法庭的责任。
  It would be a crime to send the boy out on such a cold, wet night。
  在这样寒冷的雨夜把孩子们遣出是不对的。
  69. crush
  There was a violent crush at the gate into the stadium。
  在体育场的入口处人群拥挤不堪。
  70. cry
  Let her have her cry out。
  让她哭个痛快吧。
  71. current
  A cold current of air came in when the door was opened。
  门打开时进来了一股冷风。Nothing disturbs the peaceful current of her life. 在她平静的生活中,没有任何的骚扰。
  72. curve
  The driver of a car should not take curves at high speed。
  汽车驾驶人不应在高速下转弯。
  73. damage
  The insurance company will pay for the damage to my car。
  保险公司将赔偿我的汽车所受的损害。
  What’s the damage? (What’s the cost?)
  (口语)值多少钱?
  74. danger
  He has been very ill, but the doctors say that he is now out of danger。
  他的病一直很严重,但医生们说他现已脱离险境。
  That man is a danger to society。
  那个人对于社会是个危险人物。
  75. daughter
  He has a lovely daughter。
  他有一个可爱的女儿。
  76. day
  We travelled day and night without stopping。
  我们日夜不停的旅行。
  He’s eighty if he’s a day!
  他至少八十岁了。
  She was a beauty in her day。
  她年轻时是个美人。
  77. death
  His mother’s death was a great blow to him。
  他母亲的去世对他是一大打击。
  78. debt
  It’s much easier to get into debt than to get out of debt。
  欠债容易偿债难。
  79. decision
  Have they reached/come to/arrived at/taken/made a decision yet?
  他们是否已有所决定了?
  80. degree
  He was not in the slightest degree interested。
  他丝毫不感兴趣。
  81. design
  The building seats 2000 people, but is poor in design。
  这个建筑有二千个座位,但设计很差。
  He has designs on that young girl。
  (口语)他想打那个年轻女郎的注意。
  82. desire
  He has no desire for wealth。
  他对于财富无欲望。
  I hope you will get all your heart’s desires。
  我希望你能得到你想要的。
  83. destruction
  Gambling was his destruction。
  赌博是他毁灭的根源。
  84. detail
  Please give me all the details。
  请让我知道所有的细节。
  85. development
  Which is more important, moral development or physical development?
  道德培养和体格培养哪一样较重要?
  We must await further developments。
  我们必须等待进一步的发展。
  86. digestion
  He can only eat the food that is easy of digestion。
  他只能吃易于消化的食物。
  87. direction
  Tom went off in one direction and Harry in another direction。
  汤姆朝着一个方向去,哈里朝另一个方向去。
  She feels the need of direction。
  她感到需要有人指导她。
  88. discovery
  He made wonderful scientific discoveries。
  他完成了惊人的科学发现。
  89. discussion
  The question is still under discussion。
  这个问题仍在讨论中。
  90. disease
  The business of doctors is to prevent and cure disease。
  医生的职责是预防和治疗疾病。
  91. disgust
  He turned away in disgust。
  他厌恶地把脸转开。
  92. distance
  My house is within easy walking distance of the shops。
  我家离商店很近,走几步就到了。
  93. distribution
  They could not agree about the distribution of the profits。
  他们对于利润的分配意见不一。
  94. division
  A hedge forms the division between his land and mine。
  一道树篱形成他的土地和我的土地之间的分界线。
  95. doubt
  I have no doubt of your ability。
  我相信你的能力。
  96. drink
  What about a drink?
  来杯酒如何?
  We have plenty of bottled drinks。
  我们有很多的瓶装饮料。
  97. driving
  take driving lessons
  上驾驶课
  driving licence
  驾驶执照
  driving school
  驾驶学校
  driving test
  驾驶执照考试
  98. dust
  The dust was blowing in the streets。
  街上尘土飞扬。
  99. earth
  Who do you think was the greatest man on earth?
  你认为谁是世界上最伟大的人?
  100. edge
  Don’t put the glass on the edge of the table; it may get knocked off。
  不要把杯子放在桌边上,它可能被碰掉。
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